Policing History Paper
Angaleana Williams
June 23, 2014
Arnold Wicker

Policing History Paper

The history of policing dates back several years ago when there had been nothing in place or nothing in order or peace and inhumane acts upon people that had been in the norms of churches or military police acting for the law. Back then the policing was much unorganized, but also very unstable. Citizens back then did take the law into their own hands and served as judge, jury, and executioner. Back in the day   “innocent until proven guilty”   never existed it was either you were guilt or not.. American policing stems from the English heritage; crime prevention and control, preventive patrol, and the quasi-military organizational method became the policing structure. The English colonists brought a criminal justice system as part of their cultural baggage (Walker & Katz, 2008, p. 24). In addition, American policing also used other features from the British system. A member of England’s elite social and political class fought to improve the structure of the law enforcement for more than 30 years. History expresses itself and acknowledges this member as the “father” of modern policing, otherwise known as Sir Robert Peel (Walker & Katz, 2008, p. 25).

After the collapse of the England law enforcement in the early nineteenth century, Sir Robert Peel took a stand to control order and organization in the law enforcement system. He fought for many years for this and finally convinced the English Parliament to create the London Metropolitan Police in 1829. The London Police Department set in motion three new elements that became the structure for modern policing; mission, strategy, and organizational structure. The mission was to prevent crime before it started rather than to respond after the crime has already taken place, known as crime. The structure of the criminal justice system is comprised of the Federal, State, and Local levels.   With the three...