Poiltics Usa and Mexico

Politics Compared United States and Mexico

I. An Overview of Constitutional Framework

      The 1917 constitution of the United Mexican States declared that Mexico is a representative, democratic, and federal republic, much like the United States. The Mexican executive, legislative, and judicial powers are divided, and provision is made for the direct election of the president and legislators. In addition to guarantees of personal and civil liberties, the constitution establishes principles of an economic and political nature as well. (Ladman, 1987).
      The United States Constitution sets up and defines a federal system of government in which certain powers are delegated to the national government and all other powers fall to the states. The national government consists of the same three branches as Mexico, which each branch specifically designed to check and balance each other, all interrelated and overlapping, yet each quite distinct. (Adrian, 1978).
      In Mexico, supreme executive authority is vested in the president, who is elected to serve one six-year term; a bit longer than a U.S. president who is elected to serve a four-year term.. The Mexican president's power of appointment extends to the members of his cabinet and the attorney general, and to the territorial and federal district governors, diplomatic officials, the higher officers of the army, and ministers of the higher courts of justice. Unlike in the United States, as the leader of the dominant political party, the Mexican president is able to choose his successor and approve legislative candidates. The Mexican president can effect constitutional amendments that require approval by two-thirds vote of a quorum in Congress and the support of a majority of state legislatures. The chief executive may also establish basic rules (reglamentos), which give effect to general statutes and have the force of law. The president also has extensive control over foreign affairs. (Grayson, 1989)....