Physiology Disorder P1

Case Study 1 Mary Platt Type 2 diabetes
In my first case study I will be looking at Mary Platt aged 60, who has just been diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes. Type 2 diabetes develops when the insulin-producing cells in the body are unable to produce enough insulin. It is a lifelong condition that causes an individual’s blood sugar level to be too high.

What is insulin?
Insulin is a hormone. It works as a chemical messenger that helps the body to use the glucose in the body to give it energy. It is like a key that unlocks the door to the body’s cells. Once the door is unlocked glucose can enter the cells where it is used as fuel. Insulin is very important to the human body. When the   insulin levels are not balanced Mary, can experience low blood sugar episodes, such as headaches after exercising; she can gain much more weight than she should; she can diet as much as she can and not lose one single pound; and she can also feel very tired and unproductive. All those symptoms can be related to an unbalance in her insulin levels.

Physiological changes as a result of the disorder: Diabetes can cause long term damage to the body. The long term damage is commonly referred to as complications. There are many changes that affect a body that has diabetes such as High blood pressure, high cholesterol and a lack of blood glucose, because diabetes affects the blood vessels and nerves and therefore can affect any part of the body. However, the impact on body organs differs some more than others. Diabetes contributes to high blood pressure, stroke and is linked with high cholesterol which significantly increases the risk of heart attacks and cardiovascular disease. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common form of eye problem affecting people with diabetes, but there are also some more diabetes related eye problems such as glaucoma and cataracts. Both glaucoma and cataracts can have a serious influence on vision. In most extreme situations, each of these conditions can cause...