Occupations Report: Neurosurgeon

Surgeons are trained to specialize in the treatment of injury, disease, and deformity through operations. Using a variety of medical instruments, a surgeon works to fix physical malformations, repair bone and tissue after injuries, or perform preventive surgeries on patients with debilitating diseases or disorders. Although a large number of surgeons perform general surgery, many surgeons choose to train and specialize in a specific area of the body so they are more apt for certain surgeries.
Nature of Occupation
Neurosurgeons are strictly focused on performing surgery on the brain, spinal cord and the rest of the nervous system. Neurosurgeons must first diagnose the problem with the patient and then figure out how to treat them. For example, when treating epilepsy, a neurosurgeon performs a surgery called resection in which the area of the patient’s brain causing the seizures is removed. Brain surgery is the most complex type of surgery due to the high sensitivity of the brain. Neurosurgeons are usually the most skilled, and trained surgeons because they have to work under immense pressure and complications can happen far easier than in regular surgery. 85% of their surgeries are removing tumors with gamma knife radiosurgery. Some surgeries can last up to ten hours due to their complexity, which means neurosurgeons have to be able to keep focused with the task at hand. Millimeters can be a factor when a neurosurgeon has to remove a piece of the brain. One wrong move and the patient could possibly lose function of certain parts of their brain for the rest of their life.
Neurosurgeons go through the same training process of most other surgeons. There is four years of college, followed by four years of medical school, and then a residency that ranges from 1-6 years depending on the hospital. The difference between neurosurgery training and other training is that it is set to weed out most people. Neurosurgeons are the best of...