4.3 Describe materials and equipment used for the administration of medication.

  • Spoons
  • Syringes
  • Containers
  • MARs sheets
  • Wipes
  • Needles
  • Drinking glass
  • Medicine pots.
  • PPE
  • Disposal bag or box

6.1 Explain the importance of the following principles in the use of medication.

  • Consent – A person has to consent to taking medication unless they have shown they do not have the capacity to make this decision.
  • Self- medication or active participation –   If an individual has a active role in taking their medication they are more likely to have an understanding of the what the medication is for the whole process of putting in their prescription, taking the correct dosage at the correct time. They are more independent and there is less likelihood of abuse.
  • Dignity and privacy – It is important that you as a carer uphold an individuals dignity and respect their privacy at all times, for example if an individual had a cream there had to apply but that meant they had to take their clothes off, they may want to do this in private in another room. However you need to witness the medication being used, but this does not mean you would go with them as you would need to respect there choice. This would be marked on the MARS sheet as ‘Taken but not witnessed’.
  • Confidentiality – An individual has the right to confidentiality. None of the information regarding their medication should be shared to anyone that does not need to know.

  6.2 Explain how risk assessment can be used to promote an individuals independence in managing medication.

  A risk assessment will show the individual the potential risks involved with taking their medication. A risk assessment also shows how to manage a risk, for a example the best way to take the medication