Many Cultures Develop a Nation

Since the mid-1700's the Shawnee Indian Tribes had settled in the eastern part of the United States.   This particular area covers the states of Ohio, Tennessee, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia.   They spoke in the Algonquian tongue, which also had ties to various other tribes.   The Indian Removal Act of 1830 enforced the Shawnees to move to a smaller piece of land.   Prior to that, the majority of the Shawnees moved west Ohio when the government moved them west of the Mississippi River in 1786.

    As early as the late 1600, there was evidence that the Shawnee Indians were living in the Ohio Valley.   The Iroquois Indians drove the Shawnee away because they were reluctant to share these rich hunting grounds.   Some went to Illinois; others went to Pennsylvania, Maryland, or Georgia.   As the control of the Iroquois destabilized, the Shawnee Indians moved back into Ohio from the south and the east.   The Shawnee Indians became friendly with the French until British traders moved into the Ohio Country approximately 1740.   The French forced the British out of Ohio and the Shawnees became friends of the French again until the British triumph in the French and Indian War.   As French trading posts turned into British forts, the Ohio Indians, including the Shawnees, fought the British and their pioneers.   A Shawnee leader named Hokoleskwa (ca. 1720 – November 10, 1777) — known as Cornstalk — was an important 18th century leader of the Shawnee people.   In the Shawnee language, his name meant “blade of corn”.   His name was spelled a variety of ways, including Colesqua and Keigh-tugh-qua.   Cornstalk led the Shawnees against British settlers during Lord Dunmore's War in 1774.   Throughout the American Revolution, the Shawnees fought together with the British against the Americans.   The Shawnees thought that England would stop the settlers from infringing further upon the natives' land.   After the war, the Indians carried on fighting the Americans....