Jean Watson Caring Model of Essay


      Nursing theories evolved with the purpose of explaining, define and give meaning to various aspects and concepts in the nursing profession. According to Cohen (1991), the aims of nursing theory are to discover the meaning of one’s experience, continual spiritual growth of people who are involved and finding self healing, inner power and going beyond one’s limit. In this paper, the writer will discuss about the concept of “caring” which was invented by Jean Watson by utilizing the four meta-paradigms-Person, Health, Environment, and Nursing. The writer will also discuss on how this theory is applicable to nursing practice. “Watson’s human science and human care theory” or more commonly known as “The Caring Model” was developed by Jean Watson in 1979 (Hood, 2010; Vanguard Health Systems, n.d.). Watson’s model stresses on the unique events in the past, present and future which will influence and affect each individual and the carative factors which reflect on how ‘caring’ can be demonstrated through the practice of nursing (Hood, 2010, p. 140). Watson’s theory of human caring also emphasizes on the holistic care of the patients and the inter-relationship between caregivers and patients (Lukose, 2011). In simpler terms, Watson’s theory of care simply denotes the importance of the humanistic caring natures and how important it is in everyday lives even in those who are sick.


    Jean Watson defined “human being” as “a valued person in and of him to be cared for, respected, nurtured, understood, and assisted; in general a philosophical view of a person as a fully functional integrated self. He, human is viewed as greater than and different from, the sum of his or parts” (Jean Watson’s Philosophy of Nursing, 2012). Hereby means that, in order to achieve a caring environment, nurses must initiate a caring nurse-patient relationship, taking into consideration that each patient is a unique person of his or her own self thus the need to...