Build, support and manage a team

1.1 Explain the role of a team in the achievement of a specific project or activity
Teamwork is defined by Scarnati (2001) as “a cooperative process that allows ordinary people to achieve extraordinary results”. Harris & Harris (1996) also explain that a team has a common goal or purpose where team members can develop effective, mutual relationships to achieve team goals.
Teams have become an essential factor of the organisational environment. A carefully selected team joins well-informed individuals into a group setting to complete an important task. The individuals are selected for their knowledge, as well their skills, reasoning and leadership abilities. The team members bring a diverse view to the group which promotes greater accuracy, adaptability and resolution development.

1.2 Identify the attributes needed within the team to achieve its objectives
The best performing team allocates each team member clear responsibilities. It is important to see that every role is a contribution to the achievement of the team and its performance. Dr Meredith Belbin studied team-work for many years, and he famously observed that people in teams tend to assume different "team roles". He defined a team role as "a tendency to behave, contribute and interrelate with others in a particular way" and named nine such team roles that underlie team success.
Research has provided a consistent number of attributes required for successful teamwork.
High performance teams have a clear mission and/or goals. The organisation’s mission describes its overall direction and general goals for accomplishing the mission. These broad goals must then be narrowed down into more specific tasks. It is these more specific goals that the team will be working towards. For example, a school goal maybe to improve the level 2 threshold in English and maths, a more specific departmental goal maybe to embed the literacy and numeracy framework into its...