Industrial Revolution Dbq


The Industrial Revolution which began in England in the mid 1700's had a wide range of positive and negative effects on the social, political, and economic life of people throughout the world. The industrial revolution has been interpreted from a variety of perspectives- the factory owners, the factory workers, political officials, and ordinary citizens. Many have wondered if the world was left for better or worse.

The industrial revolution began in the Mid 1700's. The immediate effect it took on England was inspirational to the rest of the Revolution.   Before the revolution, goods were manufactured through the domestic or “cottage” production. This way of production was   conducted by workers in their own home, they would work at their own pace, in their own self-satisfying conditions. Although the conditions were better, the production rate was slow, and goods were more expensive as a result. The goods that were being manufactured through the factory production system were cheaper, and easily made. Rather than having one man work on the product from start to finish, he would do only 1 step and then hand it off to the person who would do the next step, the worker would repeat this all day. The houses that workers lived in were built better, and travel was much cheaper and faster (doc 6). Because of these decreases in time and money it took to travel, people were now able to travel much more abroad than before.   In the 1830's, it took 43 hours to get from London to Edinburgh, and 24 hours to get to Liverpool. However with the invention of the steam engine during the Revolution, just 20 years later the journey from London to Edinburgh was reduced to 12 ¼ hours, and the journey to Liverpool was reduced to 6 ½ hours (doc 5). The factory system also was a great way for lower economic classes like peasants to make a living and provide for their family, this extended the range of the middle and lower classes (doc 3) England's economy skyrocketed as a...