Industiral Revolution

The Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was a period in which important changes occurred in
manufacturing, transportation, and economic systems in the nation. The First Industrial
Revolution, which began in the 18th century, grew into the Second Industrial Revolution around
1850, when the economy progressed with the development of steam-powered ships, railways,
and later in the 19th century with engines and electricity. The changes that occurred during this
period (1760-1850) occurred gradually. In the early 1900’s the expansion of the nation’s railroad
system helped boost the industrial development. These advances also helped improve the
production of supplies such as food and materials which generally led to the increase in profits.
This led to the increase in immigration throughout the United States. As a result, the Industrial
Revolution made an overall positive effect on the United States and led to American growth.
Industrialization never would have happened so quickly if it wasn't for the rapid
development of new ideas, processes and machinery. The major inventions of the Industrial
Revolution replaced physical labor with new inventions and machinery. Some major inventions
that came about during the Industrial Revolution were the steam engine, the cotton gin, the
airplane, and the telephone. The steam engine was invented by James Watt in 1775. Watt wasn’t
the first one to invent the steam engine, but he was the first one to invent a steam engine that
worked. A steam engine is a device that converts energy into steam and was commonly used in
steam locomotive trains, and steamships. Steamships and steam locomotives allowed for quicker
transportation of raw materials that could be used to produce goods. The cotton gin was invented
byEli Whitney in 1793. During this time period, there was a major growth in the use of cotton,
and Whitney helped produce a machine that allowed farmers to...