Consequences of the Vietnamese victory against the French.
1. French control until 1940.
2. Japanese coup in 1945.
3. Bao Dai government established by the French in 1950.
4. Viet Ming victory at Dien Bien Phu got rid of French and allows the Vietnamese to negotiate from a position of power at the Geneva Conference.
5. However also is the start of Cold War in Indochina.
Indochina is part of the French colonial empire in Southeast Asia since 1887. During World War II, the colony was administered by Vichy France and was under Japanese occupation. In May 1941, the Central Committee of the ICP, and Ho Chi Minh in particular, responded to the failure of these uprising by founding the Revolutionary League for the Independence of Vietnam, more commonly known as the Viet Minh. Its aim was to unite all the Indochinese nationalist groups in a common struggle.
Then on 9th March 1945, the Japanese carried out a coup d’état in which they seized complete control of Indochina from the French. The Japanese handed over then running of Vietnam to Emperor Bao Dai and his Prime Minister, Tran Trong Kim. But the Japanese made all the major decisions and Bao Dai was a puppet of the Japanese. Viet Minh opposed the government of Bao Dai and Tran Trong Kim.
The Viet Minh quickly reached the conclusion that the only way they could get rid of the French from Indochina was by the use of armed force. This is generally referred to as the First Indochina War, began in November 1946 and continued until May 1954.
In early 1950 the French transferred the administration of Vietnam to a new government headed by Bao Dai. Also in 1951, Bao Dai’s government began to cooperate more fully with the French against the Vent Minh and the democratic government.
The First Indochina War culminated in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, in north-eastern Vietnam, which lasted from 13 March to 7 May 1954. This battle was a Viet Minh victory. Which “broke the French will to continue the war” (Sir Robert...