Impact of Cctv on Shoplifting

The impact of CCTV on Shoplifting

Requirements for effectiveness of CCTV in the retail sector
Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) is a security system, with cameras used to collect images which are transferred to a recording device while displaying live images on a monitor where it can be watched by an operator. It is a situational measure aimed at deterring potential offenders and detecting crime by those who choose to ignore the deterrent effect of CCTV; enabling the police and other statutory agencies to respond to incidents effectively. The recorded images can then be used as evidence in court in the prosecution of offenders, (Gill and Spriggs, 2005:1).

This article explores the extent to which CCTV impacts on shoplifters and then ‘shop theft’ in commercial settings. Particularly, this article focuses on the impact of Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) on shoplifters as used in the retail sector to deter or detect shoplifting; examining potential offender’s perception of CCTV as a crime reduction tool with a view to identifying the favourable conditions that improve the effectiveness of CCTV in the retail sector in dealing with shoplifters.

Further more, it aims to determine the requirements for effectiveness of CCTV in retail stores; the extent to which CCTV impacts on the decision making process of a shoplifter and the extent to which it is deterred; to also determine conditions under which CCTV can be effective and the skill required to counter any change in offender behaviour. But first, it is important to examine findings of facts from notable recent researches on the effectiveness of CCTV in specific settings.

CCTV has become an important crime prevention tool in recent years. The branding of technology as the central ornamental element of security systems; seen as the ultimate security measure began in the US in the eighties. The European Union has since adopted

CCTV technology as well as almost all developed countries, (Ceyman, 2007:102)....