Name: Joanne Ames PAGE 1       Date: 12/02/2012

Course: L3 Diploma in Health & and   Social Care

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Move and position individuals in accordance with their plan of care

Outcome 1 Understand anatomy and physiology in relation to moving and positioning individuals

      1.1 Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals

The human skeleton is made up of 206 bones. The functions of the skeleton are to provide support, give our bodies shape, and provide protection to other systems and organs of the body, to provide attachments for muscles, to produce movement and to produce red blood cells.
There are 5 sections of the spine: The cervical spine makes up the neck and has 7 vertebrae. The thoracic spine has 12 vertebrae which the ribs attach to. The lumbar spine has 5 which make the lower back. The sacrum consists of 5 bones which are fused or stuck together and the coccyx is made up of 4 tiny bones and used to be a tail.
There are 5 types of bones in the human body. These are long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones and sesmoid bones. It is important for bones to be strong to support our body weight and in some cases provide protection such as the skull and ribs. However, they must also be light enough to make movement possible.
A joint is the point where two or more bones meet. There are three main types of joints; Fibrous (immoveable), Cartilaginous (partially moveable) and the Synovial (freely moveable) joint.
There are three planes of motion in which we move. If you think about it, most of our movements are not straight up and down, or side to side etc. They tend to combine a mixture of movements in different planes. Our spine is made up of 33 vertebrae of various sizes. The function of the spine is for support, flexibility, muscle and
Ligament attachment and also for protection of your spinal cord. We have three natural curves giving strength to...