Module B Essay
Question: Hamlet is a play of questions. Discuss with reference to the text.
Generic essay question: "A critical study of Hamlet reveals its essential textual integrity. Discuss" or "The fundamental textual integrity of Hamlet allows the text to remain relevant to modern audiences. Discuss."

‘Hamlet’ is a philosophical play of questions concerning the multifaceted psychological depths of humanity, its essential textual integrity allowing it to gain a thorough reception throughout various cultural milieus. Shakespeare utilises the integrated traditional structure and verse drama form of Elizabethan revenge tragedy to convey themes of Identity, appearance vs reality, mortality and order that appeal strongly through dramatic structure and language to the 16th century Elizabethan/Jacobean audience.   Through his use of sophisticated language features and apt characterisation, he delivers themes as a unified concept whilst also conveying the crux of Elizabethan Renaissance thought and common humanistic ideals, allowing it to transcend the barriers of time to appeal timelessly to a vast range of contexts. Whilst the play ‘Hamlet’ undergo shifts in meaning it essentially retains the underlying central/fundamental meaning and didactic purpose
The establishment of a natural state of Order in ‘Hamlet’ is central to its portrayal of an Elizabethan cultural milieu which upheld the importance of a structured, ordered society, consisting of strict hierarchy of class and position and a Christian oriented belief in the omnipotence of god, the chain of being and the divine right of kings.
In ‘Hamlet’ a disruption in the natural order is introduced by the death of Old Hamlet, a character symbolic of moral and political order, in accordance with the “disequilibrium” as stated in Todorov’s theory of narrative structure. Utilising the setting and claustrophobic scenes of the “unweeded” Denmark as “a state to be disjoint and out of frame” the social and moral...