Exam Review

n catholic church/ eastern orthodox church (great schism broke them apart, fight over pictures.) Sacred text: The Holy Bible missionaries called the crusaders, several crusades led to the spread of Christianity. Roman catholic church very powerful, rulers adhered to their rules so that they would not be “excommunicated” by the pope.
Founder, Muhammad. After muhammad’s death islam broke into two groups Shia and sunnis, because they argued whether or not caliphs should be the descendants of ali. Sacred text: the Qu’ran. Pilgrims helped to spread Islamic beliefs as well as sufis who were very successful missionaries during the middle ages.
2. Decline of trade
Unity fell
Poor harvests
Nomadic invasions
Bad emperors/leaders
Not enough money to fund army
Changes in religion
3. Confucianism: an ethical system based on relationships and personal virtue, became predominant philosophy.
Analects: book of Confucius’ sayings compiled by his followers.
Confucian values-
Ren- sense of humanity, kindness, benevolence
li- a sense of propriety, courtesy, respect, deference to elders
xiao- filial piety, familial obligation
clutivat personal morality and junzi(superior individuals) for bringing order to china. Confucian school, those who worked in government must recite Confucian analects.
Patriarchal.. preferred harsh social discipline to bring order to society.
4. Confucius, Laozi, Socrates, Mohammad, Sidharta Guatma
5. Viking expansion was limited to Ireland, Scotland, Iceland and Greenland, while Arab expansion was limited to   the Arabian Peninsula and Persia
6. Indian Ocean commerce flourished and was conducted by a mixture of Asian, Middle Eastern and East African merchants
Emporia, Indian port cities, (areas of trade and cosmopolitan centers)
Trade goods:
Silk and porcelain from china
Spices from southeast asia
Pepper, gems, pearls, and cotton from india
Incense and horses from Arabia and southwest asia
Gold, ivory,...