Emergence of Cities

What were the most important factors in the emergence of cities?

Identify factors in the emergence of cities and evaluate their relevant importance in order to answer the question.

To look into the emergence of ancient cities I had to refer back to the development of agriculture as this in my opinion was the start of their development.

As the majority of the human population began to change their behaviour and started to settle, they halted their hunter/gatherer behaviour and settlements grew in number as people reproduced and more joined the ever-growing groups.   The populations of these settlements increased as a result of this; population was not the only reason for a city to emerge, but it was a major factor

States and cities were created.   These can be defined in different ways; a city is a large urban area that consists of living residential areas, commercial areas for shops and traders and industrial areas for manufacturing.   A city has foundations of transport, schooling of some form, living areas, some form of power or resource to create it all and a supply of fresh water to provide an environment for a large amount of people to live.   A state is also defined as a   bigger area that contains a mixture of cities, villages and towns.

By around 6000BC there were many farming areas and man developed the use of irrigation, this consistent and long-term way of feeding the land with water ensured the peoples’ roots were planted where consistent food was grown.   In the Middle East, Mesopotamia began to emerge in 6000BC thanks to its well-developed farming, it developed into a city over the next three millennia.

Cities emerged in the Indus Valley to the north west of present India.   These were known as Mohenjo-dar, Ganeriwala and Harappa around 2600BC, and other areas of India such as the, east, the west and the south, appear to have had city areas.   These places traded with Mesopotamia and the cities emerging in the Far East.   The cities of what...