Discuss the Relevance of at Least Three Theories of Learning to Your Own Specialised Subject Area. How Can These Theories Be Used to Overcome Barriers to Learning?

DTLLS Module 3
Assignment Task 3.4

Discuss the relevance of at least three theories of learning to your own specialised subject area. How can these theories be used to overcome barriers to learning?

I teach Electrical Installation at Level 3 using the City and Guilds standardised curriculum. As part of this I impart skills and knowledge to my students on how to research various areas of the industry and the gathering of information for input into assignment based assessments which are assessed. There is also a set of practical workshop based tasks which are completed within the first year of the three year apprenticeship course.

In order to be effective in teaching these practical skills (psychomotor), imparting knowledge (cognitive learning) or to change attitudes (affective learning), I use a range of different techniques including hands-on demonstration, practical workshop tasks, tutorials, individual project assignments and general question and answer activities.  

The most common teaching strategy I use for new learners at the start of year one is ‘Hands on Demonstration’, in the form of mass instruction. Reece and Walker (2008, p.111) wrote that demonstrations can be invaluable in linking theory and practice, especially as students usually enjoy being actively involved in something and they learn and retain information well with this type of experience. I have found this to be the case time and again.  

The hands on demonstrations have elements of both behaviourist and constructivist approaches. For example when conducting a new practical task, I practice a behaviourist approach by outlining the aims and objectives of the task and give a short briefing as a way of introduction. This is followed by a practical incremental step-by-step visual demonstration with the students gathered round a workshop bay ensuring all students maintain an adequate view. Petty (2004, p.358) says that 87 percent of information enters our brain through our eyes, 9...