Discrimination can be defined as a simple act of prejudice against an individual or group of people who have negative opinions against their characteristics. These characteristics include categories such as disability, ethnic origin, race, sexual orientation, age, religion or beliefs. Discrimination is said to be a difference between certain individuals or groups based on forbidden ground.   The concept behind all this is that people should not be made to feel disadvantaged due to their human characteristics. This is discrimination which is against the law in most countries.
There are many types of discrimination which include:
Stereotyping this is in some way compared to discrimination as it is the judgement that people make when they relate differences with certain groups for example: Goths, the stereotypical Goth always wears black clothing, or white never any other colour. They have dyed black hair, black nails, white face makeup, black eye makeup and black lipstick, and maybe some designs drawn at the edge of the eyes in black eyeliner.
Prejudice is based upon a person’s opinion towards members of certain groups exclusively on their membership within the group which can be positive or negative.
These are all similar in a particular way and affect the wellbeing and behaviours of each individual. Studies have found that discrimination can have significant mental and physical health outcomes such as frustration, stress, anxiety, depression, possible nervous breakdown, or high blood pressure that can cause heart attacks. The long-term effects may include loss of motivation, reduced individual rights, limited prospects, restricted access to services and mental illness caused by stress.