Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis and Treatment

Andrew Spoor

Axia College – University of Phoenix


The phenomenon of “bipolar affective,” disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century.   Many philosophical leaders suffered from this mental disorder. Bipolar, is a mental disorder associated with depression. This illness as an affective bipolar disorder,   can be classified as a mood disorder (exaggerated feeling of well-being). History has shown that this affliction can appear in   anyone. Even the great painter Sigmund Frued, is believed to have had bipolar disorder. It is clear that in our society many people live with bipolar disorder; however, despite the abundance of people suffering from it, we are still waiting for definite explanations for the causes and cure. The one fact of which we are painfully aware is that bipolar disorder severely undermines its' victims ability to obtain and maintain occupational success. It is also believed that the lithium level is what causes these mood swings. Because bipolar disorder has such debilitating symptoms, it is imperative that we remain vigilant in the quest for proper procurements. There are no definitive answers for the direct cause or treatment of this illness. It is a smorgasborg of symptoms that can be broken into manic and depressive episodes characterized by affective disorders.

The manic episodes are characterized by elevated or irratable mood, increased energy, decreased need for sleep, poor judgment and insight, and often reckless or irresponsible behavior (Hollandsworth, Jr. 2002 ). When a person is in the manic stage they may become agitated which makes them more talkative than usual or they feel pressured to keep talking, they also may wring their hands or fidget because they feel unsure of the situation that they are in and seem to have just extreme restlessness to them. They might appear to have put on quite a bit of weight and anger extremely easy.

Bipolar disorder affects approximately one percent...