The fall of Louisbourg was the beginning of the destruction of the French culture.
“In its heyday Louisbourg was a town of several thousand inhabitants. It was a major colonial settlement on the Atlantic edge of North America. Though part of New France, Louisbourg society differed from that of the French communities along the St. Lawrence River. Its economic orientations, demographic compositions, and geographical location created a society that was distinctive within the context of New France. There was no seigniorial regime, the fur trade was negligible, the institutional power of the church was minimal, males greatly outnumbered females, and there were numbers of non-French peoples (mostly Basques, German and Swiss) living and working alongside the French majority. Nonetheless, the colony's cultural life was very much a part of overall French civilization. Louisbourg was not in the hands of the French for this entire period, however. Twice, the English occupied the fortress, from 1745-1749 and 1758-1768. They too brought their societal traditions and culture with them.”
“Louisbourg in the Anglo-French Rivalry in North America, 1713-68
From its establishment by the French in 1713 until the withdrawal of the last British troops in 1768, Louisbourg played an important role in the Anglo-French struggle for hegemony in North America. For three decades after its founding Louisbourg enjoyed peace and prosperity, though the threat of war always hung over the fortified town. In 1745 an army of New Englanders, supported by a British naval squadron, captured Louisbourg after a 46-day siege. The town was returned to the French by treaty, and then besieged again in 1758. The assault lasted seven weeks, pitting a combined British army and naval force of 27,000 against 7,000 French defenders...