Cultural Revolution

What Are the Major Impacts of China’s Cultural Revolution?


Oanh Nguyen

Andrew Pontikes

Joshua Phillips


The Cultural Revolution took place from 1966 to 1976.   Mao Zedong was the leader of the Cultural Revolution.   He wanted to establish a more effective bureaucracy.   Mao organized a group of young people, and their goals were to spread the idea of socialism around China.   The Cultural Revolution, instead of creating a better China, left great negative impacts on the people and the economy of China, and also affected foreign countries as well.

Chairman Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong was the former communist leader of China.

About the Cultural Revolution

The Cultural Revolution could also be described as the time when young Chinese citizens, called Red Guards, fought against the democratic society.   Much respect and many rewards were given to the Red Guards; therefore Mao was able to gather many student volunteers.   The Cultural Revolution was based on the belief that school should be simpler, and the more books a person read, the more unintelligent they become.   Mao wanted to brainwash Chinese society - especially young people - and create Chinese citizens who would grow up to become uneducated and mindless.

A Young group of Red Guards Mao gathered to fight against democratic society.

Mao & The Gang of Four

Mao Zedong (1893-1976)

He was the communist leader of China during the Cultural Revolution.

The Gang of Four

They were the four Chinese Communist Party Officials.

Jiang Qing (1914-1991)

Mao's last wife and the leading figure of the group and her close associates whose were:

Zhang Chunqiao (1917-2005)

Sentenced to death, but sentence was changed to life imprisonment.

Yao Wenyuan (1931-2005)

Arrested and sentenced to 20 life imprisonment.

Wang Hongwen (1936-1992)

He was an important figure after Mao’s death.   He was also arrested and sentenced to life imprisonment.

The Gang of Four...