Comparison of Ethical Theories

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Ethical Theory Comparison of Ethical Theories

Utilitarianism Ethics

Deontological Ethics

Virtue Ethics

Make an ethical decision to take full advantage of the benefit/good and minimize the damage to the public. An individual should judge an action by looking at the consequences, and evaluate the good and the bad effects on all individuals affected by it (Richard T. De George, 2006).
An action is right if it has moral rule or principle regardless of the consequences (Richard T. De George, 2006).
An action is right if an individual is honest, moral, and truthful opposed to consequences or rules.   These characteristic would help to make a good person in the future.   Breaking bad habits like anger is necessary in virtue ethics (Richard T. De George, 2006).

Ethical thinker associated with theory The origins
of utilitarianism
traced back to
”Jeremy Bentham (1748–1832), James Mill (1773–1836), and John Stuart Mill (1806–1873); with Henry Sidgwick (1838–1900) and G. E. (George Edward) Moore (1873–1958); more recently, with J. J. C. Smart (b. 1920) and Richard Mervyn Hare (1919–2002)” (Science Jrank, 2010) Immanuel Kant (Larry Alexander, 2007) Virtue ethics traced back to Aristotle. (Julia Annas, 1997)
Decision-making process First, an individual should “recognize an ethical issue” to judge if the situation is harmful to anyone (Manuel Velasquez, 2009). Second, an individual should “get the facts” to understand the fact of the situation and prepare options to act (Manuel Velasquez, 2009).   Third, “evaluate alternative actions” to evaluate the action that produces the most good and do the least harm. (Manuel Velasquez, 2009).   Forth, make a final decision and act. Make a decision by evaluating the good and the bad effects on all individuals (Manuel Velasquez, 2009). Questions are important to ask when making a Deontological decision are:
“1. Which groups and individuals will be implied or...