Classical Societies

Classical Societies
Classical Greece
    The ancient Greeks relied more on observations of the world and sought the universal idea in each form. Ancient Greeks believed that the body and mind is of the most importance (Benton & DiYanni, 2008). One of the most famous sculptures is Myron’s Discobolus (Discus Thrower) original ca.450 B.C.E., this life size sculpture to the ancient Greek represents the perfect body. The Greeks celebrated the human body and physical accomplishment through the sporting contests which we know today as the Olympics. Greek sculptures represent stories about Events, Heroes, Gods, and Mythical Creatures.
Hellenistic Greece
    Battle of the Gods and the Giants, Altar of Zeus, Pergamon, ca. 180-160 B.C.E.( Benton & DiYanni, 2008). this sculpture represents the god’s triumph over the giants and represents victory. This sculpture shows Athena grabbing the hair from a winged monster. This is a great time of prosperity that encourages the production of art of a more secular nature. A new reality emerges in Greek sculpture. Instead of depicting ideals such as logic and suppressed emotion or perfect beauty, the artists explore reality (Hill 2009). According to Greek Landscapes (2009), the emphasis of Hellenistic art shifted from religious and naturalistic themes towards more dramatic human expression, psychological, spiritual preoccupation, and theatrical settings. The sculpture of this period abandons the self-containment of the earlier styles and appears to embrace its physical surroundings with dramatic groupings and creative landscaping of its context.

Etruscan civilization  
    The Tomb of Hunting and Fishing, Tarquina, wall painting, ca 520 B.C.E. (Benton & DiYanni, 2008). These paintings illustrate a man trying to catch fish, and a man trying to shoot a bird with a slingshot. This type of mural depicts energy and humor. Etruscan paintings revealed everyday events including dancing, music, and games. They painted natural,...