Cézanne’S Jug and Fruits (1885-87) and Zurbarán’S Still Life with Lemons, Oranges and a Rose (1663).

Look carefully at Plate 1.3.24, Cézanne’s Jug and Fruits (1885-87), and Plate 1.3.30, Zurbarán’s Still Life with lemons, Oranges and a Rose (1663). In no more than 500 words, outline what you think are the main differences between them.

The paintings described and compared above are Cézanne’s Jug and Fruits (1885-87) and Zurbarán’s Still Life with lemons, Oranges and a Rose (1663). First of all, we have to keep in mind that these two paintings were created in different eras. The first one is a fine example of the artistic movement of Impressionism, which was the pioneer of modern art, while the second one represents the traditional form of painting. Additionally, Cézanne’s opinion on traditional painting was negative. As Harrison suggests, ‘he hated this kind of work and everything it stood for’ (Harrison, 2008, p.67).
Comparing these paintings, we can identify several differences. The first one is the delineation and modeling of the objects. Zurbarán’s objects are painted carefully in every detail. His still life is represented as it is in reality and the picture plain is apparent as the fruit look so fresh and juicy that the viewer feels like he can reach his hand, take one and eat it. On the contrary, Cézanne’s fruit and jug are roughly shaped and painted. Their shape is awkward and unbeautiful but this is exactly what the artist meant for it to be.   According to Harrison, it was in the artist’s intention to differentiate himself from the academic standard of his time (ibid, p.67).
Another difference is found in the light and coulour of the paintings. Cézanne’s painting is lit from the lower right corner creating shadows on the left of the objects, giving depth and he uses a restricted range of colours. The blue background is juxtaposed with the central orange pear, as well as the brown shades of the table are juxtaposed with the green fruit. His narrow range of tonal values and limited palette of colours give a sense of calm and serenity (‘Composition’,...