Bipolar Disorder

Unipolar and Bipolar Disorder
Jillian Young
University of Phoenix

      Unipolar and bipolar disorders are two very common types of mood disorders that are found in people today. They are both hard to distinguish the differences between the two and if diagnosed incorrectly, can end with a treatment that is useless for the patient. Both disorders are considered to be genetic and both carry a risk of suicide, the question is, what is the difference between the two? How do you know if you have unipolar disorder or bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder is the more common one out of the two disorders. Everyone seems to go through a time where they may feel as though they have bipolar disorder. We all go through our ups and downs due to stress or lack of sleep. Having bipolar disorder is an extended period of time where you cannot function as a person and can affect your life in many ways. There are many causes to bipolar disorders and it is hard to pinpoint which specific cause leads to that person’s bipolar disorder, it differs for every patient. Many causes have been linked to genetics and it being hereditary. People with a family history of bipolar disorder have a higher chance of getting it themselves. There are other times that bipolar disorder can be brought on by a stressful event in a person’s life, such as the loss of a spouse or a divorce. This does not always lead to bipolar disorder but it may for some. Unipolar disorder has the same types of causes. About 10% of unipolar patients become bipolar in the course of a long follow-up (1994). Unipolar disorder is known to be an intense depression. This can run through blood and be inherited or be triggered by a major life event. Over 8% of the unipolar patients had a family history of bipolar disorder (1994).
Symptoms of unipolar disorder vary from patient to patient. Some symptoms include; flat emotional behavior, anxiety, decreased energy, hopelessness, suicidal thoughts or a...