Bassheri Culture

                          Lindsay Jordan


                        Donald Anderson



                    Basseri is a nomadic, pastoral tribe of the Fars region of Iran, the Basseri also in habit the steep mountains of the South, East, and North Shiraz.
  They are one group of five, occupying the region often referred to as the confederate of Kamesh (Arabic for five); however, their tribe speaks Persian. The Basseri are pastoral nomads that live in independent households referred to as tents.   They have a very deliberate political structure and are well organized.   Their leaders have to lead somewhat for the people because if the common Basseri do not agree or believe in the chief then they will take their herd to an alternative chief.   The Basseri of Iran are a very traditional and focused community, the following pages should give you a small glimpse into their daily lives, their beliefs values and culture. 

                The Basseri culture is made up of individual households which are referred to as tents.   Each tent has independent ownership of the property in the tent unit and the livestock. The tribe consists of 3,000 tents or 16,000 people.  The man is the head of his own tent.   For ease they will combine multiple tents and herds the animals together.   The tent owns about 100 sheep and 10 donkeys, and the sheep are tended by a boy, either a member of the household or a hired herdsman. The Basseri are tent dwelling so they can move easier and faster.  During prime migratory seasons as many as forty different tents may make camp together, combine their flocks with several herding units and function as a migratory camp. These larger camps are the primary units of the nomadic society


  and function similarly to a small village of a...