Balance in Justice

Balance of Administration in Justice and Security
Makeba Matthews
University of Phoenix
Legal Issues in Justice and Security
CJA 550
Douglas Bryant III, JD
March 11, 2008

Balance of Administration in Justice and Security

History has shown time and again that the level of civil rights afforded citizens in the United States is inextricably related to the internal and external threats arrayed against the nation at any given point in time. In fact, throughout American history, the Constitution and Bill of Rights have taken a beating whenever the United States was threatened, and today the situation is certainly no different. To gain some additional insights into these issues, this paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature to describe the environment that the administration must work within to address issues concerning security and justice. A discussion concerning how the use of mass communication and innovations in technology have affected these security and justice issues is followed by an analysis of how the rights of American citizens have been adversely affected by the USA PATRIOT Act and other recent legislation. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the conclusion.
Review and Discussion
It is possible to secure justice from a strictly legal perspective no matter what the national security climate may be, because the legal definition of “justice” suggests that it is a social construct that is subject to judicial whim and the interpretation of the laws of the land at any given point in time. For example, according to Black’s Law Dictionary (1991), justice is, “The proper administration of laws. In jurisprudence, the constant and perpetual disposition of legal matters or dispute to render every man his due” (p. 864). The nebulous concept of “every man’s due,” though, depends on what the law says it is and this concept changes according to the level of threat the country may be...