B.W. Tuckman’s Model of Group Development. Identify the Interpersonal Challenges the Group Faces at Each Stage and the Possible Effects, Positive and Negative, for the Development of the Group.

Identify and explain the most important factors that affect the potential of a group to be effective and efficient.                                                                                                                               Discuss B.W. Tuckman’s model of group development. Identify the interpersonal challenges the group faces at each stage and the possible effects, positive and negative, for the development of the group.    

The modern work environment is premised on working in groups. Groups can result in greater productivity than individual efforts or can enforce lower standards of productivity. So it is very important for Management to understand how to designs groups to make them more effective.
Many factors can affect how well groups and teams perform.   Among these are the cohesiveness of the group, the degree to which individual members conform to group standards, the roles and norms the group agrees to adopt and function by, the level and intensity of competition and conflict, and finally, the style and competence of group leadership.
Cohesiveness may by defined as “sticking together.”   Groups or teams are cohesive when their participants identify with their membership.   Identification means that the participants feel proud to be members, inform outsiders that they are members, and perceive the purposes and goals that the group or team stands for as their own.
Cohesive groups or teams have very little turnover in membership. The longer that the group or team maintains its core membership, the more cohesive it becomes. This can have a negative effect when new members join, they can be perceived as outsiders and cause chaos.
Conformity means “going along.” Group conformity is realized when participants abandon a particular position contrary to other group or team members in favor of a majority view.   This abandonment, called conforming, happens for many reasons including: pressure to compromise, logical or emotional persuasion,...