Assess the Reasons of the 1905 Revolution in Russia

Assess the reasons of the 1905 revolution in Russia

The build up to 1905

    - The failure of Tsar’s character- Tsar meant an autocratic country- led by one. Nicholas II’s character was not built for this- “shy” man.   Little training of the job. Avoided change even though Russia needed it. EXAMPLE:   1896 1300 people killed in the Tsar’s coronation- the Tsar did nothing about it and carried on with the ceremony- out of touch with the people.

    - PEOPLE DENIED BASIC FREEDOMS, for example freedom of press, speech. All linked to the Tsar’s autocratic state.

Opposition groups

Middle classed liberals wanted more of a say in the way that Russia was run- wanted an elected assembly- felt they were being treated the same as everyone else. They also asked for this because of the way the government had acted with the war and economy- felt it was unnecessary and appalling.   The main liberal party was the Kadets- supported by people like lawyers and doctors.   Octobrists found support amongst industrialists, businessmen and larger landowners. Called for the assembly, eventually to be the DUMA!

The soviets- Started striking on behalf of the industrial workers- wanted better working conditions, pay etc., maybe following suit, having seen the others doing it.

The SR’s- Founded in 1901, and believed that the future of Russia was in agrarian socialism- adopted violence into their schemes, such as murdering officials and ministers- The Sr’s gained considerable support and outnumbered the SD’s, but didn’t pose a serious threat, however did contribute greatly to the growing unrest between 1901-1904. Behind the peasants.

Social Democrats (SD’s)- Influenced heavily by Marxism.   Split into two:


Lenin believed that a revolutionary party should be made up of:

    - Small numbers

    - Operate under a central leadership

    - Have a system of small cells (3 people) to make it less easy for the police to infiltrate

Job of the party to bring...