Zimbabwe Health Report

Zimbabwe Report 3

The top three causes of mortality in Zimbabwe are HIV/AIDS, Stroke, and Influenza & Pneumonia. Zimbabwe also happens to have the highest mortality rate due to HIV/AIDS in the whole world. Out of every 100,000 people in Zimbabwe, 1135 people die due to HIV/AIDS. Deaths due to Stoke and Influenza & Pneumonia are 108 and 92 per 100,000 people, respectively.

The child mortality rate in Zimbabwe is 89. This suggests that 89 out of every 1,000 newborn children will die before they reach the age of five. HIV/AIDS accounts for the majority of the 89 deaths. Other causes include malnutrition, vaccine-preventable diseases, malaria and tuberculosis. Additionally, the user fees associated with pregnancy costs prevent a lot of pregnant women from giving birth at hospitals. The only other option is a home delivery and the complications that arise due to this, causes the death of eight women and 100 children every day.

Trained medical staff is one of the major health issues in the country as majority of them leave Zimbabwe in search of better opportunities elsewhere. According to ‘Our Africa’, during the first decade of the twenty-first century, Zimbabwe had less than two doctors per 10,000 people for this reason.

As mentioned, user fees with hospital visits hinder the ability of a large number of Zimbabweans to seek medical help at hospitals. This has resulted in an increase in the deaths from preventable diseases and causes. Almost 39 percent of women are giving birth at home. This has led to an increase in maternal and child mortality due to the complications that arise. The government is unable to allocate large amounts of financial resources to the health sector due to the deterioration of the economy. At present, the health sector is relying on significant amounts of donations and aid from foreign donors as well as UNICEF. They hope to not only reduce but also eliminate user fees for pregnant women and children under the age of five....