Y716 Tma1

Graham Wilson
PI: C64144708
Module Code Y176

Describe the three different parenting styles and discuss how they might impact on children’s behaviour.
Quite often we may hear comments about a child or young person’s behaviour, and references are made regarding the parents capabilities to control their children.   In some cases this may be justified, however there are often other factors that impact on the child’s behaviour.   This essay will consider the three different parenting styles used by the majority of parents as suggested by Psychologist Diana Baumrind (Colloby et al, 2012, page 70, table 10) and look at examples of other factors that could impact on a child’s behaviour, which even the most consistent parenting style might struggle to control or have an immediate influence on.   For the purpose of this essay I will refer to a child or young person as a child.

Research by child psychologist Diana Baumrind in the 1960’s suggested that parents commonly used one or all of three different parenting styles, Authoritarian, Permissive, and Authoritative as seen in Colloby et al, (2012, page 70, table 10).   Looking firstly at the Authoritarian style, as the name suggests, this is a parenting style based upon strict discipline, tight boundaries, with no room for manoeuvre for the child.   This may encourage the child to become rebellious, perhaps indulge in risk taking behaviour as a reaction to the inability to move from the controlled lifestyle in which they have become accustomed.
PI: C64144708
I can only evidence this style once being used in the family described in Colloby et al. (2012 p.60); when Thomas refused to comply with his parents requests to undertake speech activities.   His parents, Cara and Alistair, both became so frustrated that they shouted at him.   However one could argue that not many parents can honestly claim never to have shouted at their children!   As a foster carer, I can certainly recognise the impact on a child that has experienced...