Y176 Tma01

Describe the three different parenting styles and discuss how they might impact on children’s behaviour.

The three parenting styles offer very different approaches in the way adults raise and discipline their children.   However, how effective are these styles and what kind of impact do they have on child behaviours as they grow?   Are the potential impacts solely responsible for the behaviours we see or can other factors play a part in the process of the behaviours children develop?

The three styles of parenting, based on Baumrind’s (1967) four dimension of parenting, consist of the authoritarian, permissive and authoritative styles.   The authoritarian style generally has a negative impact on children.   The Open University (2012, p. 60) shows Thomas’ refusal to carry out speech and language therapy.   His parents use this style of parenting to try to get him to agree with their demands.   Thomas’ response suggests that this style is not encouraging or supporting him with his learning, and could potentially hinder further progress, causing further potential behavioural issues.  

The permissive style can have positive and negative effects on behaviour.   The Open University (2012, p. 31) shows Diane’s lack of support in encouraging Thomas to follow his parents rules.   Instead, she allows Thomas to follow his own will without doing as he has been asked.   This may be having an effect on Thomas’ behaviour as it is encouraging him to be defiant and get his own way.   As Thomas’ parents have more demanding requests than Diane, he may increasingly choose not to listen to these as Diane offers an easier alternative.

The authoritative parenting style is arguably the most balanced.   It encourages engagement in decision making, but still implies boundaries.   The Open University (2012, p. 66) shows an interaction where reward charts are been discussed.   Here Thomas’ parents use an authoritative style by involving him in decisions surrounding the use of his charts.   They...