World Order

World order can be defined as the state of global peace and security. Since the Cold War, WWI and WWII, there has been a clear need for world order to maintain and reduce suffering and conflict internationally. However, preventing conflict has been proven to be difficult due to the competition for resources and the difference in morals and religion. The types of conflict can be categorised as either interstate or intrastate, which then branch off as conventional war, civil war, cyber war, nuclear war or cold war. In the attempt to achieve world order, many responses both legal and non-legal are involved. Some of these responses include; the UN, International courts, Intergovernmental Organisations (IGOs), media, Non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and R2P (Responsibility to protect).
The UN is an important body in maintaining world order and since its establishment in 1945, there has been no world war, which can be seen as an effectiveness. This is because the UN is capable of enforcing treaties by imposing sanctions as well as creating declarations and customary law between nations. Another effective element of the UN is its ability to peace keep. The UN deploys peacekeepers to countries in conflict and it is the role of the peacekeepers to promote the state of stability and security. An effective example of peacekeeping can be seen in East Timor. During that time of conflict between Indonesia and East Timor, the UN’s peacekeeping allowed the nations to maintain the peace and security until East Timor gained its independence from Indonesia. Thus, it can be seen that the UN is an effective response in achieving world order.
Another legal response in achieving and maintaining world order is International Courts. There are two types of International courts; the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and the International Criminal Court (ICC). The ICJ hears disputes between nation states and then offers a recommendation. However, the nation states are able to refuse...