Understanding and Situations with Down Syndrome

Have you ever been in a situation where you were confronted by a child who has Down syndrome, and you was unsure of how to react around that child.   I’m sure many of us have experienced that awkwardness.   Within my life, working at an elementary as the secretary of the elementary I encountered that situation with a little girl by the name of “Hanna”.   Many people feel guilty or pity for these children, it is a condition that cannot be physically passed on from one person to the next person.   Parents who raise children with Down Syndrome have to make sure their children is getting the learning and knowledge they need from Special Education classes, have to learn how to raise a child with special needs, and need to raise awareness to others about Down Syndrome.   Children with Down Syndrome have more similarities to other children than they have differences.

  I. Cause of Down Syndrome
  A. Extra copy of genetic material
  B. Each parent has 23 chromosome total of 46, one parent produce 1 extra

  II. Types of Down Syndrome
  A.   Trisomy 21
  B. Translocation
  C. Mosaicism

  III. Characteristics of Down Syndrome
  A. Eyes that have an upward slant, white spots on the iris
  B. Low muscle tone, short neck
  C. Flat nasal bridge, protruding tongue
  D. Large space between large and second toe

  IV. Consequences related to parenting a child with Down Syndrome
  A. Child receive proper education from schools
  1. Special Education Needs
  2. Speech and Language Therapy
  3. Occupational Therapy
  4. Sensory Impairments
  B. Social and community acceptance
  1.   Participants in educational, vocational, social and recreational activities
  2. Takes part in sports, camping, music, and art programs
  3. Parent Support Groups
  C. Family relationships
  1.   Always a happy child
  2. Routines
  3. Home Enviornment

  D.   Affects of Learning
  A.   Hearing