Working with Children with Special Needs

There are two main models of disability. These are The Medical Model and The Social Model. They are the most common models due to the disabled person and their responsibility and needs.
The Medical Model of disability looks to cure the disability not cure the environmental factors that often restricts the person from full participating and reaching their full potential. The Social Model of disability looks at helping people with disabilities by changing the environment they work, live and play in on a daily basis. It takes an active role in most day-to-day activities.

The SEN Code of Practice was made effective from 1st January 2002.
The code promotes a consistency of approach to meeting a childs special educational needs (SEN) and gives the child the right to be heard and take part in the decision about their education. It also provides a framework for developing strong partnerships between schools, parents, local educational authorities, health and social services that are critical in removing barriers to learning and participation.
Childrens act 2004
“The act made law the reforms that had been discussed about improving and integrating children’s services across the country”
( tassoni.p.etal 2007 pg 239)
The goal is to promote that every child matters no matter of their circumstances or background and has the support they need to:
  * Be Healthy
  * Stay safe
  * Make a positive contribution to society
  * Achieve economic well being
  * Enjoy and thrive through learning
It recognises that the first years are vital in later development. For children to enjoy and achieve through learning means that the setting must organise activities so all children can benefit and learn.

There are variable provisions available for children. They work towards a multi-disciplinary of services between education, health and social services.
Respite care
This is provided by the local authority. The way in which respite care is organised varies...