Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication in Counselling

Verbal and non-verbal communication in counselling

This essay will assess a brief history of counselling integrating approach to the three roots up until the 20th century. What is counselling? We will discuss verbal and non-verbal communication, and how they are vital for effective communication in counselling, terms definition and concepts. Communication is a process and has many aspects to it, communication is a dynamic process by which information is shared between individuals Sheldon (2005). This process requires three components, the sender, the receiver and the message Alder (2003). Communication is simply the act of transferring information from one place to another effective. The desired outcome or goal of any communication process is understanding.   Egan (2010) suggests empathy needs to be used throughout all stages of counselling.
Firstly a brief history on how the different approaches came about, Freud (1856) theory of psychoanalysis of the late 19th century through to the 1940s, over 100 years ago lead to psychodynamics approach after WW1, group counselling came about due to soldiers returning from war that had been in combat, shell shook, group psychoanalysis became the fore front at these times and lead the movement over the years, between the wars behavioural therapy expanded. During the 50s Rogers (1951) came with a   different   view and opened up client centred therapy from the 1400 through to 1956 humanism gained universal acceptance to the humanistic approach Maslow (1950). Has we approached the 1960s and 1970s (CBT) cognitive behavioural therapy gained recognition Beck (1921) and Ellis (1962), late 1970s we began to adopt biopsychosocial the integrated approach to health and disease nurture vs nature. (BAC), British Association Counselling began early 1970s, then in 1980s and 90s counselling grew widely available through NHS and voluntary sector.  
Secondly, the role of counselling, it is the provision of professional assistance and guidance...