Unitary Government – It is often described as a centralized government. It is a government in which all powers held by the government belong to a single, central agency. The central government creates local units of government for its own convenience. Most government in the world are unitary. Great Britain is an illustration of the type. A single cental base – the Parliament- holds all the power of the British government. Local governments do exist but solely to relieve Parliament of burdens it could perform only with difficulty and inconvenience.
1. Uniform policies, laws, political, enforcement, and administration
throughout the country
2. Less duplication of services and fewer conflicts between national and local governments
3. Greater unity and stability
1. Central government out of touch with local concerns
2. Slow in meeting local problems
3. If the central government gets too involved in local problems it may not meet the needs of all its citizens
Confederate Government – A confederate government is an alliance of independent states. A central organ – the confederate government – has the power to handle only those matters that the member states have assigned to it. Typically, confederate governments have had limited powers and only in such fields as defense and foreign commerce. In our own history, the United States under the Articles of Confederation (1781 to 1789) and the Confederate States of America (1861-1865) are examples of the form. Confederations are very rare in today’s world. The European Union is the closest approach to a confederation today.
1. Keeps power at local levels preventing the growth of a large central government
2. Makes it possible for the several states to cooperate in matters of common concern and also retain their separate identities.
1. Weakness of central government makes it unable to enforce laws or...