Unit366 Dementia Nutrition

Unit 366 – Understand and meet the nutritional requirements of individual with dementia

Outcome 1 - Understand the nutritional need that are unique to individuals with dementia
      1.1 Describe how cognitive,   functional and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating, drinking and nutrition
Cognitive behaviour is dysfunctional emotions and behaviours caused by damage in brain affecting part of the brain responsible for memory and all that we learn from birth- how to talk, eat etc. This means that person with dementia can forget how important it is to eat and drink. They also may lose sense of hunger and thirst. It can become problem putting client’s health at risk.
Functional change is losing ability to remember how to eat using cutlery. Instead, some people find easier to pick up food by hand, so finger food should be provided. This might be a good way to avoid confusion and distress for a client. If person finds it easier food should be laid out for a client promoting their dignity.
Emotional change can be negative emotions about the confused state when individual may not understand that there is something wrong, but behaviour of others may lead them to feeling something is wrong, which often causes stress to individual with dementia.
1.2Explain how poor nutrition can contribute to an individual’s experience of dementia
Poor nutrition can make the symptoms of dementia worse for people suffering from dementia. It not only exacerbates the symptoms but increases the chance that a sufferer may require hospitalisation. As poor nutrition can adversely affect the immunes system’s ability to fight off infection, an individual with dementia is at greater risk of infections requiring antibiotics. Dementia sufferers often have a poor appetite, with diminished sense of taste and smell which makes it difficult to encourage them to eat a healthy balanced diet. Other symptoms of poor nutrition are
  * Low energy levels/weakness