Unit 516: Understand Safeguarding of Children and Young People (for Those Working in the Adult Sector)


1. Understand the Policies, Procedures and Practices for Safe Working with Children and Young People

1.1 All organisations that work with or come into contact with children should have safeguarding policies and procedures to ensure that every child, regardless of their age, gender, religion or ethnicity, can be protected from harm. Setting up and following good safeguarding policies and procedures means children are safe from adults and other children who might pose a risk.

The Children Act of 1984 and 2004, highlighted the responsibilities of those professionals working with children to report any suspected incidents of abuse. However following a number of serious incidents, notably the death of Victoria Climbe in 2000, a public inquiry was set up to look at the failure of the law to protect vulnerable children.   As a result of Lord Laming’s inquiry into Victoria’s death, major changes in child protection policies were introduced.

The Laming inquiry also highlighted the failure of professionals to understand each other’s roles or work together in a multi agency manner.   The Every Child Matters initiative sought to change this however following the murders of Holly Wells and Jessica Chapman and revelations that certain checks had been missed, the Bichard Inquiry was commissioned and published in (2004) which recommended everyone working with children or vulnerable Adults should be checked and registered.
In recognising the need for a single agency to vet and register people wishing to work / volunteer with vulnerable people, the Independent Safeguarding Authority (ISA) was set up and The Criminal Records Bureau (CRB) was made responsible for managing the system and processing the applications for ISA Registration.

The Vetting and Barring Scheme was introduced in 2009 and is supported by the legal framework of the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups...