Unit 4223-010 Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care (Hsc 024)

Karen McCarthy 
Unit 4223-010 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care (HSC 024) 
Outcome 1/2 Know how to recognise signs of abuse and identify the signs and symptoms associated with each type of abuse 
The following types of abuse can be defined as below.  
Physical abuse - This can be in many forms including, punching, kicking, biting, scratching, choking, beating up, cutting, dehydrating, bruising, and forcing a person to eat, even imprisoning them. The signs of physical abuse can be, Grab marks in the form of small bruises to places that wouldn’t normally be bruised such as inner arms, inner thighs, bruises to the face, there could be scalding to the person if they have been scalded on purpose, rashes caused by the bed being wet in particular by children. Depression would be another sign. Sores on the body from cigarette burns, these would be quite deep and circular in appearance  
Sexual abuse - This would be any penetration on a person’s body or any inappropriate touching of a person without having had any consent by the person involved, sexual threats about sexual activity and forcing a person to watch pornographic films. Or a person could be forced to inappropriately touch another person. The signs of sexual abuse could come in the form of blood in a child’s or adult’s underwear, pain to genital areas and also the anal areas the person may have no appetite and be withdrawn and pull away from any contact. They may also display pain to the abdomen and a loss of confidence.  
Emotional/psychological abuse- People who are being abused in this way are being shouted at, sworn at called names, humiliated, being made fun of and generally being bullied. The person may display sign of this by not sleeping well having anxiety problems, being generally quiet and withdrawn.  
Financial Abuse- This type of abuse involves stealing money from a person or allowing someone else to do this, it could mean the person being abused is being...