Unit 4222-378 Understand How to Support Individuals with Autism Spectrum Conditions (Ld 310)

Unit 4222-378
Understand how to support individuals with Autism Spectrum conditions (LD 310)

1.2 Analyse the main diagnostic features of autism spectrum conditions, commonly known as the ‘triad of impairments’
The Triad of impairments is defined as:
Social and Emotional- Difficulties with friendships, coping with lack or routine/structure, managing to co-operate in play/work/conversation.
Language and conversation- A difficulty in retaining and processing verbal information, a lack of ability to interpret sarcasm, jokes, idioms, the social use of language and conversational structure, a difficulty with deciphering body language, facial expression or gesture.
Flexibility of thought- Difficulty in coping with changes to routine, lack or non-existent empathy, generalisation.
An individual with a suspected AS condition may present any of these diagnostic features, all most all will present with at least one in each category.
1.3 Explain the meanings of the term ‘spectrum’ in relation to autism by reference to the notions of sub-conditions and individual variation within the autistic spectrum
The term ‘spectrum’ is used to classify something in terms of its position on a scale between two extreme points. When being used in the term ‘Autistic Spectrum Disorder’ we can take this to mean that there are many levels ranging between two ends of the disorder (Low-High functioning). Individuals with an ASD can also present many other sub conditions in relation to just the triad of impairments. This then has a direct impact on where they would be placed on the spectrum. Classic autism, or autistic disorder, is the most severe of the autism spectrum disorders.   Milder variants are Asperger’s Syndrome, sometimes called high-functioning autism, and PDD-NOS, or atypical autism.
1.4 Describe the sensory and perceptual difficulties commonly experience by individuals with an autistic spectrum disorder
Sensory issues can be a major issue for individuals with lower...