Unit 4222-256 Understand the Impact of Acquired Brain Injury on Individuals

Unit 4222-256 Understand the impact of Acquired Brain Injury on Individuals
1.1. Acquired Brain Injury is any damage to the brain that occurs after birth.
1.2 Possible causes of Acquired Brain Injury are:-
· alcohol or drugs
· disease such as AIDS, Alzheimers, cancer, multiple sclerosis or Parkinsons disease
· lack of oxygen caused anoxic brain injury (for e.g. injury caused by near drowning)
· Physical injury such as impact (or blow) to the head, which may occur in vehicle or sporting accidents, fights or falls
· stroke - when a blood vessel inside the brain breaks or is blocked destroying local brain tissue
2.1 The initial effects of Acquired Brain Injury are:-
· loss of consciousness
· increased fatigue (mental and physical)
· communication difficulties is very common
· slowing down in how fast they process information, plan and solve problems
· changes to behaviour and personality, physical and sensory abilities and thinking and learning
2.2 The long term effects of Acquired Brain Injury can be different depending on the severity of the injury and the area of the brain which is affected.
The main effects of brain injury can be grouped into three areas:-
Emotional and Behavioural
Physical Effects
· fatigue - excessive tiredness, tasks such as getting dressed or walking around can require much more effort after brain injury.
· mobility - movement can become very slow and balance can be affected. Some people may need a wheelchair or other mobility aids.
· sensory impairment - sensation of touch on the skin may be reduced, lost or exaggerated, eyesight may be affected, taste or smell may be impaired or lost, either in the short or long term.
· difficulties with speed - slow, indistinct or rapid speed is common. It may be hard to understand the person’s speech at first. Some people may repeat what they have said many times over, this is known as perseveration.
· epilepsy - brain injury can make a person prone to...