Unit 33 Dementia

Part 1
Dementia is a word to describe a group of symptoms, When the brain cells stop working properly.
There are 4 different Dementia’s but some have many different names for them.
Alzheimer’s this is the most common one, This is where proteins build up in the brain to form structures these are called (plaques and tangles) this causes a loss of connection to the nerve cells which eventually the cells and brain tissue dies.
Vascular Dementia this is the second most common dementia, This is due to a reduced blood supply to the brain due to diseased blood vessels.
Lewy Bodies also known as DLB (Dementia with Lewy Bodies)this is the third common dementia, The cause of this is really unknown but it has similar cause as Alzheimer and Parkinson’s disease, Small deposits of protein in the nerve cells this protein is called (acetylcholine and dopamine)   a loss of connections between nerve cells. Over time there is progressive death of nerve cells.
Picks Dementia also known as( Frontotemporal) This Dementia is relatively rare form of dementia, this cause is when nerve cells in the frontal/temporal lobes die and a pathway connects them change so some important chemical messengers brain tissues shrink overtime

(2) All types of Dementia will suffer memory loss whether it is slow loss of memory or significant change in memory some normal aging memory loss can be mistaken for dementia. Many People with dementia feel they are not understood which (for them) they can become agitated and aggressive as they cannot remember or understand some simple requests as their understanding   level can fluctuate This then changes their behaviour towards other individuals who “they feel”do not understand.
Behaviour in dementia can change quite a lot, they may go back in time and become the the person they remember, (example) Client A used to be a prison warden so would go around locking all doors and windows and keeping any keys, they may become aggressive if asked for the keys back...