Unit 301 Child Development

Learning outcome 1 - Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth to19 years.

Assessment criteria
301.1 ac 1 Explain the sequence of development from birth to 19 years for the following development stages -

Physical development
0 – 3 months
As a new born baby they would be laid down with their head to the side. The baby’s head would need to be supported when being picked up and held as they are not strong enough to do this themselves. From one month the baby will start being able to hold their own head but will still be needing some support. They will be able to move their head and eyes together.

3 – 6 months
From three months the baby has more movement ie kicking its legs and waving their arms around this will then proceed into playing with their hands and feet and being able to focus on objects and things for longer. By six months the baby will be able to roll from their backs to their side and be able to be on their stomach and be able to support themselves with their arms and hold their own heads up.

6 – 9 months
The baby will find that they are able to fully roll over from their back to the stomach and vice versa. They will be able to pick up and pass toys to people. By nine months the baby will start be able to start sitting up with support and will start crawling or shuffling.

9 – 12 months
Between nine and twelve months the baby will start to walk whilst holding onto furniture or people’s hands. They will start eating small pieces of food and be able to hold a spoon to eat with. By one year the baby will be able to pull their hats and socks of and start trying to undress themselves.

1 – 2 years
Between one and two years the toddler will be able to push themselves on a ride on toy, walk without assistance though their legs will be wide apart with hands in the air for extra balance. They will be able to go from sitting to standing using their hands to push themselves up. By eighteen months...