Unit 3 - Cache - Supporting Teaching and Learning

Victoria Hannabuss
Student No. s112055


Assignment Three – Understand Child and Young Person Development

Question 1 – Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years

The word development refers not to the physical growth of children and young people, but to the skills and knowledge that they are developing. When looking at child development it is divided into the following areas –

Physical Development - Refers to learning how to master physical movement.

Fine motor skills -These involve the small muscles of the body used for hand –eye co-ordination, writing and grasping of small objects.

Gross motor skills - These include the large muscles used for sitting, standing, crawling, and walking.

Locomotive skills - These are part of the gross motor skills using the large muscles for walking, running, skipping, hopping and balance.

Intellectual/Cognitive Development - This refers to the child’s brain becoming more able to understand the world around them. It also helps them to remember things and be able to problem solve.

Social and Emotional Development – This is about learning to make friends and to co-operate with others and being able to express your emotions and feelings with others.

Moral Development – This is about being able to understand the rules and laws and being able to follow them. It is also about developing attitudes and behaviour towards other people.

|Age                                       |Physical                 |Cognitive                     |Communication                         |Social/Emotional                         |Moral                           |
|Birth                                     |Sucking, swallowing,     |Recognises mother’s voice and |Crying when hungry tired or           |Close contact between mother and primary|                                 |
|Babies are born with many reflex actions;|rooting, grasp reflex,   |smell....