Unit 3.5 & 3.10 Language and Communication

Speech: The power of speaking; oral communication; ability to express one's thoughts and emotions by speech sounds and gesture.
Language: The method of communication. Either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words.
Communication: The exchanging of information by speaking, writing, or using some other form such as sign language.

Age | Language and Communication Development |
Birth – 1 Year |     * Cries to show hunger, tiredness and distress   * Smiles in response to others' faces   * Begin to recognise own name   * Imitate simple words   * Begin to enjoy music and rhymes accompanied by actions   * Use gestures to ask for things   * Babbling begins to reflect the intonation of speech |
1 – 2 Years |     * Pointing is accompanied by a single word   * Two words are put together e.g. 'bye bye dog'   * Words are used to mean more than one thing depending on the intonation the baby uses   * Repeat words and sentences   * Use language to name belongings and point out named objects   * Vocabulary increases with children learning 10-30 words in a month |
2 – 3 Years |     * Use plurals e.g. 'dogs'   * Both active and passive vocabularies continue to increase   * Sentences become longer although they tend to be in telegraphic speech   * Questions are asked frequently, What? And Why? Speech is understood by strangers   * Sentences contain four or more words   * Speech is understood by strangers   * Sentences contain four or more words |
3 – 5 Years |     * Pronouns are usually used correctly   * Rhymes and melody are attractive   * Are able to narrate long stories including sequence of events   * Play involves running commentaries   * Can use language to share, take turns, argue, collaborate etc.   * Begin to describe how other people feel |
5 – 7 Years |     * Have a wide vocabulary and can use it appropriately   * Vocabulary can include shapes, colours, numbers etc.   * Questions become more precise   * Offer opinions in discussion   * Understands...