Unit 29

Unit 29
This assignment will use complementary psychological theories to explain the two behaviours in the scenario.
I am a Doctor who works in a psychiatric hospital. One of the patients is Tom. He has recently been admitted and he says he finds it difficult to get out of bed in the morning. He also isn’t interested in seeing his friends anymore and has said he has had suicidal thoughts. Tom has been diagnosed with depression. Another patient, Dave has been admitted because he is a heroin addict and wants to come off drugs.
As tom suffers from depression the cognitive approach describes depression as originating with negative thoughts. Not wanting to get out of bed in the morning or do any social activities. According to the cognitive approach tom will see himself as being worthless and unwanted, feeling like this will make him feel down and sad about himself and his life. This will result in him withdrawing himself from social interaction. Depression can be explained through operant conditioning. As a behaviourist would say, they would say to punish themselves too much which leads to the feelings of sadness or guilt and loss of self-esteem. This is what Tom is experiencing because he has had suicidal thoughts because of harsh punishment he is doing to himself. The punishment could be because of negative life events, including criticism, failure of life achievements such as marriage, redundancy or too many stressful life events. If the depression is tom is reinforced for their illness such as being given more attention, support and care may lead tom to continuation of the behaviour as it attracts positive attention and rewards.
The cognitive and behavioural approach complement each other as they are both psychological explanations and both state that negative events in life can lead to the feelings of low self-worth, sadness and low self-esteem.
(P3) The biological approach may state that having a family history of depression may be...