Unit 232 - Move and position individuals in accordance with their plan of care
Understand anatomy and physiology in relation to moving and positioning individuals
1.1 - Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals
We need to know the normal range of movement of the muscles and joints so when moving, handling and positioning a person we know the limits of each limb. We need to take into consideration other factors that may inhibit a person’s movement such as:
• Old Fractures
• Torn Muscles
• Rheumatism and Arthritic conditions.
This should all be written within the individuals care plan as well as a step by step plan on that has been agreed with them on how to move and handle them.
We need to understand that elderly people are not as supple as younger people and even if they do not suffer movement restriction through a medical condition. They bruise easier too and so great care has to be taken when handling, moving and positioning them especially when assisting them to sit up or when using the hoist strap.
Failure to follow the care plan and any presenting conditions can lead to causing the individual injury, pain and discomfort. It may also lead to legal action being raised.
1.2- Describe the impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning of an individual
Following a stroke an individual will often have weakness in a limb or the whole of one side of the body. A physiotherapist will be involved to assist with strengthening the areas affected by the stroke. The individual’s mobility is likely to be affected and any moving and handling techniques need to be planned and agreed with them. Movement will be slow and quite frustrating for the individual.
Following surgery to replace a hip joint an individual may have muscle weakness of the whole leg due to lack of exercise caused by osteoarthritis with additional pain and...