Unit 22 P2

Unit 22 P2
Discuss ethical issues relating to research in the health and social care sectors

In this essay I will be explaining the principles of research, followed by the ethical issues, implication of research and the policies and legislations relating to research. Finally there will be a summary of The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment and the ethically issues involved in it.

Before any research can be carried out a lot of consideration and thought has to go into it, as well as a lot of examination. The research has to be harmless to individuals and it has to be beneficial in some way.

Ethical principles

Protecting individuals from harm:
This principle ensures that researchers put individuals first and consider any effects the research could have on the participants. The rights and feelings of participants should be considered at all times throughout the project. The project should not cause any harm to the participants for example it wouldn’t be appropriate if an individual had a mental illness and they were flooded with questions about mental health, as this would cause them to become stressed and depressed.  

Informed consent:
Participants should be given all the information needed before giving their consent, and they should know how their contribution will help the research and help them. Sometimes it may be necessary to withhold certain information from individuals if it affects the research. The information given to the participants should include the overall purpose of the research, what is expected of the participants involved, what are the risks if any and the benefits. Participants should also be aware that they can withdraw at any time and they shouldn’t be forced into consent, but they should make their own judgment on whether they should participate or not.

Researchers must ensure that participant’s data is well secure and protected and cannot be identified or traced back to the participant. The researchers...