Unit 205 Outcome 1

Outcome 1

Types of Schools

There are many different types of State schools as well as Independent schools. Children normally start primary school around the age of 4 or 5 years old; many areas now run a reception year for four year old`s.   Children then usually move on to secondary school at the the age of 11. Most State schools are mixed but some remain single sex schools.

Schools define themselves in different ways, They nearly all follow the National Curriculum and are all regularly inspected by Ofsted (Office for Standards in Education).

Community Schools
Community or maintained schools are run by the local authority. The local authority:
Employs staff
Owns the land and/or the buildings
Decides which “admission criteria” to use (these are used to allocate places if the school has more applications than places available)
Community/maintained schools look to develop strong links within their local community, sometimes offering their facilities and/or offering services such as childcare (i.e.. Breakfast clubs, after school clubs) and adult education.
Foundation Schools
Foundation schools are managed by their own governing body which employs staff and sets
the admissions criteria. Land and buildings are usually owned by either the governing body
or by the charitable foundation.

Trust Schools
A Trust school is a type of foundation school which forms a charitable trust with an outside
partner , for example, a business or educational charity whose aim is to raise standards and
explore new ways of learning. The decision to become a Trust school is taken by the
governing body, with parents having a say.

Voluntary-aided schools
Voluntary-aided schools are mainly religious or faith schools, although anyone can apply for a place.   As with Foundation schools, the Governing Body:
Employs the staff
Sets the admission criteria
Buildings and/or Land are normally owned by a charitable foundation, often a religious organisation....